Reasonable costs – broad access to journals
Subscription costs of scholarly journals have increased significantly in recent years. Finnish universities, universities of applied sciences and research institutions spend millions of euros on access rights to scholarly e-journals. At the same time, the budgets of these organisations have even decreased. If the gap between costs and budget trends continues to widen, these organisations will no longer be able to provide their researchers with broad access to scholarly e-journals. Therefore, negotiations focus on costs and keeping them under control.
Open access to information – a new world of publishing
Open access is a new trend alongside traditional publishing. Open access articles are universally available on the Internet. Openness provides research and researchers with visibility, boosts the advancement of science and benefits the whole society. Open access articles usually have broader reuse rights than conventionally published articles. Openness is justified from the point of view of the society, as the results of publically funded research should be available to all.
Open access publishing is not free of costs, and they are usually covered by means of article processing charges (APC). The aim of negotiations is that subscription fees of scholarly journals would cover the APCs of our scientific organisations.
SUBSCRIPTION FEES COULD BE USED TO GLOBALLY FINANCE the transition to open access, without needing any additional funding. Currently, many highly valued scholarly journals collect both subscription fees and a separate APC, if a researcher wants to publish his article open access. This expensive mechanism decelerates the increase in open access publishing, and is not in the best interests of the scientific community. The aim of negotiations is to find ways to make a quick transition to open access, without any additional costs for the scientific community.
In its negotiations, the aim of FinELib is that publishers commit to offering CREATIVE COMMONS licences for open access publishing. Of these, the most recommended one is the CC BY licence. It allows articles to e.g. be shared and modified on the condition that proper references are made to the original article and any changes are highlighted.
The scientific community demands publishers to respond to its needs and to use new ways of thinking to make a shift from traditional paywalled publishing to a world of open access.
Openness as a national and EU-level goal
- The goal of the OPEN SCIENCE AND RESEARCH PROJECT of the Ministry of Education and Culture is to make Finland one of the leading countries regarding the openness of science and research.
- The ministry has also ISSUED A STATEMENT on the goals of FinELib-negotiations.
- The European Union HAS SET AN OBJECTIVE that publically funded research should be open by 2020.
- FinELib is a member of the international OA2020 PROJECT. Its goal is to accelerate the transition of current subscription journals to open access.
- FinELib promotes the principles of the OPEN ACCESS negotiations of LIBER, the Association of European Research Libraries.
- FinELib participates in the work of the European University Association to advance open access
Negotiations backed by strong support
In recent years, the Finnish scientific community has publically expressed its support for negotiations:
- NO DEAL, NO REVIEW campaign news item from Helsinki University (in Finnish)
- UNIFI DEMANDS OPEN ACCESS
Goals and negotiations regarding open access in other countries:
- Science funders commit to open science: PlanS
- The NEGOTIATION AND AGREEMENT SITE and national open access plan of the Netherlands: NATIONAAL PLAN OPEN SCIENCE
- DEAL PROJECT of Germany
- Open access goals of Norway: NATIONAL GOALS AND GUIDELINES FOR OPEN ACCESS TO RESEARCH ARTICLES
- The BIBSAM consortium carries out open access negotiations in Sweden
- OPEN ACCESS SERVICE RANGE OF JISC, an organisation that supports universities and the scientific community in the UK
Take advantage of
open access benefits
During negotiations, open access benefits have been agreed upon regarding the journals of the following publishers:
American Chemical Society | Elsevier | Emerald | IEEE | Royal Society of Chemistry | Sage | Science Advances | Springer Nature | Wiley | Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott
More information about publisher- and organisation-specific open access benefits is also available from your own library.