Our Goals

Reasonable costs – broad access to journals

Subscription costs of scholarly  journals have increased significantly in recent years. Finnish universities, universities of applied sciences and research institutions spend millions of euros on access rights to scholarly e-journals. At the same time, the budgets of these organisations have even decreased. If the gap between costs and budget trends continues to widen, these organisations will no longer  be able to provide their researchers with broad access to scholarly e-journals. Therefore, negotiations focus on costs and keeping them under control.

 

Open access to information – a new world of publishing

Open access is a new trend alongside traditional publishing. Open access articles are universally available on the Internet. Openness provides research and researchers with visibility, boosts the advancement of science and benefits the whole society. Open access articles usually have broader reuse rights than conventionally published articles. Openness is justified from the point of view of the society, as the results of publically funded research should be available to all.

Open access publishing is not free of costs, and they are usually covered by means of article processing charges (APC). The aim of negotiations is that subscription fees of scholarly journals would cover the APCs of our scientific organisations.

SUBSCRIPTION FEES COULD BE USED TO GLOBALLY FINANCE the transition to open access, without needing any additional funding. Currently, many highly valued scholarly journals collect both subscription fees and a separate APC, if a researcher wants to publish his article open access. This expensive mechanism decelerates the increase in open access publishing, and is not in the best interests of the scientific  community. The aim of negotiations is to find ways to make a quick transition to open access, without any additional costs for the scientific community.

Neuvottelut

Terms of use to advance research

It is important that articles have clear and easy to understand terms of use, whether they are openly available or behind a paywall. User rights of articles published in journals requiring a subscription are defined in licence agreements. User rights of open access articles can be defined using Creative Commons licences.

The FinELib consortium has defined LICENCING PRINCIPLES that determine key terms and conditions for agreements. These include for example the right to use licensed material in text and data mining and scientific communication (the right of researches to share individual articles with other researchers who do not have access to the material). The terms of use regarding e-resources negotiated by FinELib are available online.

In its negotiations, the aim of FinELib is that publishers commit to offering CREATIVE COMMONS licences for open access publishing. Of these, the most recommended one is the CC BY licence. It allows articles to e.g. be shared and modified on the condition that proper references are made to the original article and any changes are highlighted.

The scientific community demands publishers to respond to its needs and to use new ways of thinking to make a shift from traditional paywalled publishing to a world of open access.

Openness as a national and EU-level goal

Negotiations backed by strong support

In recent years, the Finnish scientific community has publically expressed its support for negotiations:

Goals and negotiations regarding open access in other countries:

Take advantage of
open access benefits

During negotiations, open access benefits have been agreed upon regarding the journals of the following publishers: Elsevier, Taylor & Francis, Sage, Emerald, Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott, American Chemical Society.

More information about publisher- and organisation-specific open access benefits is also available from your own library.